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31833027626917 



Gc 

974.701 
UL7o 
1910 



APRIL ipio 



Price Twenty-Jive Cents 



OLDE VLSTER 




An Hiftorical and Genealogical Magazine 



KINGSTON, N. r. 

Pn^ lij h e d by the Editor^ Benjamin Myer Brink 



# W. A*^i«fon A- 5c»», /^int*r$, W. Strantl, K4ngfl<m, ft. Y. 



A ^V 



u 



LSTER County 

S^4 VINGS htstifution 



No. 278 Wall Street 
Kingston, New York 



Depolits, $3,500,000.00 



K 



I NGSTON 

SAVINGS BANK 

No. 273 Wall Street 
Kingston, New York 

OFFICERS: 



James A. Betts, Pres Chas Tappen, Treas 

J. J. LiNSON, Counsel 



Myron Teller, ) ^.- p Chas. H. DeLaVergne, 
John E. Kraft, \ ^"^'-^'^'' Asst Treas. 



T^HE DR. C O. SAHLER SANITARIUM 

KINGSTON, N. V. 



CONTENTS 



Vol. VI APRIL, 1910 No. 4 

Page 

The Patent of Rochester and the Settlement. ... 97 

Colonel George W. Pratt 105 

The Bogardus Inn 1 1 i 

An Interesting Letter 112 

The Indians in 1676 114 

An Old Dutch Nonsense Rhyme 115 

A Will of Manumission 116 

The Van Aaken and Allied Families 117 

Ontiora 125 

Editorial Notes 128 



pOR 



SYTH & DAVIS 

BooJ^sellcis an^ Stationers 

J07 WALL STREET, THINGS TON, N. V. 



yjlE have a few copies of the Dutch Church Records 
(LjLP of Kingston (baptisms and marriages from 1660 
through 1 8 10) elegantly printed on 807 royal 
quarto pages, with exhaustive index containing refer- 
ences to 44,388 names, edited by Chaplain R. R. Hoes, 
U. S. N., and printed by the DeVinne Pre.ss. N. Y. But 
few Knickerbocker families can trace their ancestry 
Avithout reference to this volume. 

^ Dr. Gustave Anjou's Ulster County Probate Rec- 
ords from 1 665 ; invaluable in tracing ancestry — in tw^ 
volumes. 

We also have a large line of Souvenir Fostai Cards show- 
ing local scenes, including the Revolutionary Buildings 

Souvenir Spoons, commemorating 250th anniver 
sary of the founding of Kingston. Specially prepared 
by the Gorham Company. 



OLD^ VLSTER 



Vol. VI 



APRIL, 1910 



No. 4 



The Patent of Rochester 
^ ^ and the Settlement 




ROM the settlement at the Esopus, 
upon the fertile lowlands named by 
the red men Atharhacton, the hardy- 
pioneers who conquered the savage 
wilderness and leveled the primeval 
forests of Ulster county passed up 
the three converging valleys in search of homes for 
themselves and their children. It was not long before 
the lowlands about the Esopus were taken up. Those 
at the Nieuw Dorp (Hurley) soon followed; settlers 
pressed on to those of " the farther village," as Marble- 
town became known and which was soon called by a 
name it long bore, the name of Mormel. A few 
settlers took deeds for the valleys of rich acres at Sho- 
kan, between Shokan and West Shokan, as early as 
September 23rd, 1703 ; but further progress up the 
valley of the Esopus creek then ceased for the time 
being. By this time the bottom lands along the Esopus 
had been appropriated. 

97 



Olde Ulster 



Meanwhile the valley of the Rondout had been 
exploited. From the present Eddyville the creek 
lands were taken until Coxing had been reached. Now 
settlers began to come into this valley across the divide 
separating the Esopus and Rondout creeks at 
Stone Ridge and High Falls. Then pioneers pushed 
up the valley. Olde Ulster, Vol. III., page 139, 
tells of the grant of the land about the great falls at 
High Falls to Thoomas Quick and associates upon Aug- 
ust 23rd, 1682. The grant known as " The Rochester 
Patent" was not made until the 25th of June, 1703. 
Settlers had been pushing up the valley for at least 
twenty years previous to this. For in the earliest of 
the deeds to individuals of lands that had been con- 
veyed to the trustees by this patent such lands are, in 
many instances, bounded upon those belonging to 
individual owners. 

Before that date (June 25th, 1703) Rochester was 
the town of Mumbakkus. It included the present 
town of Wawarsing and much of the present Sullivan 
county. The well known Anna Beek grant in the town 
of Wawarsing dates back to 1684 ^"^ on July 20th of 
that year Harmon Hekan, an Indian, sold to Thoomas 
Quick his land in Mumbakkus for eight hundred 
schepels of wheat (Olde Ulster, Vol. III., page 149). 

Excepting a few grants for lands of but a few hun- 
dred acres in extent there was no patent given within 
the present limits of Ulster county to individuals. 
The great Hardenbergh patent was hardly an Ulster 
county one. The lands conveyed by it within Ulster's 
borders were wild and mouritainous. A number of 
patents were issued but every one (except the Evans 

98 



The Patent of Rochester and the Settlement 

grant, which was revoked) were to trustees who were 
to hold the same in trust for the people who might 
desire to settle thereupon. To such actual settlers 
deeds were to be issued and the moneys received in 
consideration to be applied to public purposes. It was 
thus with the Kingston Commons and all of the others. 
This was the purpose of the Rochester Patent. In 
it it was distinctly stated that it was issued 

" For and on the behalf of the inhabitants of the town of 
Mumbakkus in the said County of Ulster," 

And it is set forth that 

"The inhabitants of the said town having purchased 
land there of the Indians and made considerable improve- 
ment thereof, and been in quiet and peaceable possession 
of the same." 

This magazine can not do better than to give the 
preamble to the patent. It is in the name of Queen 
Anne and granted by her governor of the Province 
of New York, Edward, Viscount Cornbury. 

"Anne, by the grace of God of England, Holland, 
France and Ireland queen Defender of the Faith &c To all 
to whom these presents shall come sendeth greeting : 
Whereas our loving Subjects Coll Henry Beekman of Kings- 
town in County of Ulster within our Province of New York in 
America by his Petition to our right worthy and well-beloved 
Cousin Edward, Viscount Cornbury, our Capt Generall 
and Governor in Chief in and over our said Province of 
New York and territories depending thereon in America 
preferred in Councill the Sixteenth day of June instant, for 
and on the behalf of the inhabitants of the town of Mum- 



Olde Ulster 



bakkus in the said County of Ulster therein sett forth that 
the inhabitants of the said town having purchased land 
there of the Indians and made considerable improvement 
thereof, and been in quiet and peaceable possession of the 
same, hath prayed our Letters Patent of the said lands in 
the said petition now particularly bounded and sett forth at 
and under the yearly quit rent of One Pound and Ten Shill- 
ings current money of our Province of New York and that 
a clause may be inserted in the said Letters Patent to 
enable the said town of Mumbakkus by a plurality of the 
votes of the freeholders and Inhabitants of the said town on 
the first Tuesday in June annually to elect and choose 
Trustees for themselves of the said lands and that Coll. 
Henry Beekman, the petitioner, Capt. Joachim Schoon- 
maker and Moses DePuy may be nominated and appointed 
first Trustees thereof : The which petition seeming reason- 
able unto us, and we being minded to grant the same, and 
to have the said town of Mumbakkus from henceforth 
called and known by the name of the town of Rochester in 
the county of Ulster, and not otherwise. ' ' 

The Patent is dated " 25th June in the Second 
year of our reign Annoqs Dui 1703.'' The bound- 
aries are thus given: 

" All that tract or parcell of Land lying and being in the 
county of Ulster aforesaid and beginning at the South 
bounds of the land now in possession of John Van Campe ; 
from thence running with a Southeast line to the land of Capt. 
John Evans ; and so along the Northwest bounds of the said 
Capt. John Evans his land till you Come over against the sand 
hills ; from thence with a North west line to the Great Mount- 
ains, commonly called the blew hills ; thence Northeast 
Something Northerly along the said hills to the bounds of 
Marbletown ; and from thence along the bounds of Mar- 
bletown to the place where first began." 
100 



The Patent of Rochester and the Settlement 

The patent itself has been deposited with the 
National Ulster County Bank in the City of Kingston 
and is in its vaults. It is in excellent condition 
despite its great age. 

It seems that the trustees did not immediately 
organize. At least the records begin with their meet- 
ing upon September 14th, 1703. The entry is 

" Att a meeting of the Trustees of Rochester held in the 
said [town] the 14th of September, 1703. Present Coll. 
Henry Bcekman, Capt. Joachem Schoonmaker, Mr. Moses 
De Puy, trustees, and Cornelius Switts, Tennis Oosterhoudt, 
assistants, and the major part of the freeholders and inhab- 
itants, — 

" It is ordered and established that no land be given out, 
but [except] wood and stone shall be reserved free for the 
use of the freeholders and inhabitants of said town ; any 
part of said land that shall not be fenced nor also sufficient 
ways over any of said lands to be reserved, and if any take 
up land are to pay for each g^, and for upland 6^ per acre." 

From this time the records are filled with applica- 
tions for and grants to settlers. The names of these 
are the names of the best known of the people of the 
town of Rochester of to-day. Farms and tracts were 
conveyed to Schoonmakers, Oosterhoudts, Hoorn- 
beeks, Rosenkranses, Kortreghts, Deckers, Davises, 
Westbrooks, Ver Nooys, De Witts, Quicks and Van 
De Marcks without number. 

There are many references in these proceedings of 
the trustees which are of great historical value and 
show the antiquity of the names of places and streams 
in use to-day in the region. In granting to Lodewyck 
Hoornbeek fifty acres "neare the Modder Kill and 
lOI 



O Id e U Is t e r 



clay-pitt " " the path that leads from his house to 
Ashokan " is mentioned. This was October 8th, 1706. 
In a grant to Colonel Henry Beekman December 17th, 
1706 the present Rondout creek above Napanoch is 
called " Wagachkemeeck creek " and "a great fall in 
said creek, called Hoonck " is mentioned. " Metteke- 
honks Kill'' is often spoken of. " Crepelbush " (Krip- 
plebush) receives many references. This word is a 
compound of two Dutch words, kreupel (under) and 
bosch (woods) and means "underwoods." The stream 
known as " Ver Nooys Kill'' receives notice in an 
entry of October 28th, 1706 thus : 

" Johannis Ver Nooy moves, in behalfeof his father, Cor- 
nelius Ver Nooy, Senior, for the stream, or Rivelett, that 
runs through his land." 

The minutes of the trustees contain many curious 
ordinances. One of these was permission to allow hogs 
to have free range during a portion of the year. The 
Court of Sessions at Kingston was asked to approve of 
the following ordinance, and did so on September 6th, 
1709: 

"That after what summer grains are sowed before the 
15th day of May, yearly, shall be gott in, in harvest, that 
then Hoggs have free range untill people begin to sow again 
in the Spring, and he that begins to sow is to acquaint his 
neighbors for to keep up their hoggs. " 

For the next quarter of a century the trustees con- 
stituted the civil authority of the town. They seem to 
have enacted the ordinances by which the town was 
governed and to have been the executive authority. 
102 



The Patent of Rochester and the Settlement 

In 1709 Captain Joachim Schoonmaker was chosen 
supervisor ; Moses De Puy and Lodewyck Hoornbeek, 
assessors and Jan Cortrecht constable and collector. 
From this time there were frequent elections of offi- 
cers who seem to have taken their instructions from 
the trustees until 1729, when a town government 
appears to have been perfected. After this time town 
oflficers were regularly chosen. It was formally con- 
stituted as the town of Rochester by enactment of 
the Legislature March 7th, 1798. 

The south part of the town of Rochester was 
erected into the town of Wawarsing on the r4th of 
March, 1806. It was the greater portion of the old 
town, territorially considered. In the minutes of the 
trustees of Rochester as early as October 8th, 1704 
the name appears. The entry is 

"Coll. Henry Beekman desires that a certain tract of 
Land Called by the Indians ivawesinck may be granted him 
if it Lyes within the limits of this town : granted." 

There are reasons for supposing that the earliest 
settlement within the bounds of the original town of 
Rochester was within the present town of Wawarsing. 
At least the Anna Beek patent is older than the first 
one recorded of the present town of Rochester. So is 
" The Joachim Staats Patent " which bears date July 
30th, 1688. This included the most valuable part of 
the valley of the Sandberg and extended down to 
Napanoch. 

Through this whole region extended " The Old 
Mine Road " to Minisink and the Delaware Water 
Gap. On the 23rd day of July, 1724, " the commis- 

103 



Olde Ulster 



sioners for laying out the King's Highways or Rhodes 
for the County of Ulster " gave permission to Philip 
Du Bois and the heirs of Tjerck Claessen De Witt to 
have swinging gates along the King's Highway 
through the town of Rochester provided " they take 
the latch by their own motion and keep the same in 
repair." It seems a far cry from the days when 
farmers in the Rondout valley might have private 
"swinging gates'' across the "King's Highway" to 
these days when express trains rush through the same 
vale. Yet less than a generation ago the patient canal 
mule was the speediest motor moving its heaviest loads. 
The traveler through the valley seems to breathe 
the very spirit of peace, quietness and rural repose. 
And yet the history of the- valley is filled to overflow- 
ing with the story of strife and bloodshed. The pages 
of this magazine have often told of Indian raids, mur- 
ders, scalpings and devastation in this valley. It was 
so in the French and Indian War of the middle of the 
eighteenth century; it was so during the War of the 
Revolution. It was then the frontier and subject to 
frontier dangers. The family names of the time of the 
settlement are the family names of Rochester and 
Wawarsing to-day. And these are the names of the 
sufferers from those outrages. It is a heroic story, 
for heroic men and women subdued the valley both 
from the primeval wilderness and from savage foes. 
The peace and contentment of to-day are not less real 
and no less prized because of the cost by which they 
were obtained. From the Hudson to the Delaware, 
from the Esopus to Minisink it is written in large let- 
ters that toil and suffering and endurance will win the 

reward in the end. 

104 




Colonel ^ ^ ^ ^ 
George W , Pratt 

I H ERE is no name held in higher honor 
in the county of Ulster than that of 
Colonel George W. Pratt, the com- 
mander of the old Twentieth Regi- 
ment, New York State Militia, until 
his death from a wound received at 
the battle of Groveton, Virginia, August 30th, 1862. 
This battle is usually called the Second Battle of Bull 
Run. 

George W. Pratt was born in Prattsville, Greene 
county. New York April 1 8th, 1 830. He was the son of 
Colonel Zadoc Pratt, who acquired a fortune as a tan- 
ner there, and from whom the town of Prattsville was 
named. Colonel Zadoc Pratt had received little or no 
education ; had a taste for public affairs and had been 
the representative in Congress of his district in 1836 
and again in 1842 and held various other positions in 
the gift of the people and had determined that his 
son should have all that he, himself, lacked of the train- 
ing of the schools. 

The education of George W. Pratt was begun in 
this country and completed abroad. At the age of 
seventeen he traveled over the greater part of the 
United States and when eighteen crossed the Atlantic 
and made the tour of Europe. This done he went to 
Egypt. It was not just to visit the pyramids, look at 
105 



Olde Ulster 



the Sphinx and ascend the Nile. He went to study 
its history, drink in the story of its early civilization 
and learn its past. He became a student of the Ara- 
bic language in order to understand the race which 
had conquered Egypt and he attained proficiency in 
that venerable tongue. It developed in him the his- 
toric taste which was his by nature and which, had it 
not been for his untimely fate, this old county of 
Ulster would have possessed the fruition of. The 
pen that told of " Vaughan's Second Expedition," nar- 
rating the burning of Kingston in 1777, would have 
written the history of Old Ulster so that it would never 
need re-writing. 

In 1850 George W. Pratt returned home from 
abroad. He was then made a captain in the regiment 
of militia that his father commanded. At the request 
of his father he became the cashier of his bank in 
Prattsville. He did not long remain there. His sister 
desired to travel in Europe and wished her brother's 
company. So at the age of twenty we find him again 
abroad. It was not an idle tour for pleasure. He 
continued his studies as he journeyed and within a 
year, before he became of age, the University of 
Mecklenburg conferred upon him the degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy. 

As soon as he reached his majority his father pre- 
sented him with fifty thousand dollars and one-half 
of the Samsonville tannery so that he became therein 
the equal partner of General Henry A. Samson. They 
remained thus until the death of Colonel Pratt in his 
country's service. On the 3[st of May i855hewas 
married in Albany. His bride was Miss Anna Tib 



106 



Colonel George W. Pratt 



bits, the daughter of Benjamin Tibbits of that city. 
He tlien removed to Kingston. Here lie resided for a 
few years until he purchased a farm upon the banks of 
the Hudson in the town of Esopus, adjoining the 
present residence of Judge Alton B. Parker, 

No sooner had he become one with the people of 
this county than he allowed his literary and historical 
tendencies their sway. First of all he became inter- 
ested in all things of a public nature. The district 
almost immediately elected him its senator and sent 
him to the Legislature. This was in the fall of 1857. 
Before his legislative term had expired he became one 
of the moving spirits in organizing the " Ulster His- 
torical Society" and was made its secretary. No one 
labored to make the society a success more than did 
he. Until his death he was its secretary and guiding 
spirit. Had he lived to return from his country's 
defense and take up anew the work no county in all 
the broad land would have had its annals so well 
told as Ulster. The thoroughness with which 
his work was done is shown in his going to England 
to search the British records to ascertain at first hand 
what was the actual story of Vaughan's burning of 
Kingston. Olde Ulster has re-printed that story in 
these pages as it came from his pen. 

That historical society held a meeting in his mem- 
ory about a month after his death. The eulogy was 
delivered by its president, the Honorable A. Bruyn 
Hasbrouck. After likening Colonel Pratt in his life 
and character to Sir Philip Sidney the speaker con- 
tinued : 

"I need not, surely, remind the members of this 
107 



O Ide Ulster 



Society, how with his whole heart, Colonel Pratt devoted 
himself to its interests. One of its founders, its first and 
hitherto its only Secretary, he labored to give it character 
at home and a name abroad, with a degree of success that 
outstripped the best of us. Coming to reside among us 
almost an entire stranger ; descended from a family that 
had never struck root or fibre in the soil of our County since 
its earUest settlement, he yet labored with the zeal of a 
native to explore its early history, and to exalt its character. 
He came to seat himself, at once, with the famiUarity of 
kindred and descent at what the poet has called " the fire- 
side of our hearts;" and listening there, with fiUal interest, 
to the tales and misty traditions of former times, he gar- 
nered up his materials, not to gratify an idle curiosity, or to 
enrich the pages of some future romance, but for profit and 
instruction; to present them to us in the nakedness of 
truth — to fix them in the dignity of history. His paper, 
published in our collections, on the expeditions of General 
Vaughan up the Hudson, and the consequent destruction of 
Kingston by the troops under his command, has been pro- 
nounced by those best quahfied to judge, a highly valuable 
contribution to the History of the Revolutionary War. I 
can myself bear witness to the patience he exhibited, 
amidst much doubt and perplexity, in the preparation of 
that work; to his liberal expenditure of time and money, 
and to the earnestness with which he sought to verify every 
statement he made — extending his enquiries even to the 
Paper Offices in London — all, at last, to result in a narra- 
tive of charming detail, and undoubted authenticity — hon- 
orable to himself and to this society. In my sober judg- 
ment, if Colonel Pratt had no other claim; if there were no 
faithful discharge of duty, no generous public spirit, no 
patriotism, no loss of life to speak of, his interest in this 
Society and his contributions to it, would alone entitle him 
to the lasting gratitude of the people of Ulster." 



[o8 



Colonel George W. Pratt 



The speaker then alluded to the fact that the motto 
of the society " Gedenkt den de dagen van ouds " (to 
remember the days of old) had been chosen by Col- 
onel Pratt. Then the Honorable William Lounsbery 
called attention to the fact that while Colonel Pratt 
was serving in the Senate the State Library was 
removed to new quarters. The state collections were 
arranged by a committee of which Colonel Pratt was 
the head and their arrangement was the work of his 
masterly hand. With the appreciation of documen- 
tary evidence felt by a historical student he saw to it 
that these valuable archives were to be not only well 
preserved but made available to the highest degree. 

When the militia of the State of New York was 
reorganized the late Colonel Christopher Fiero was 
made the commander of the Twentieth Regiment. 
Colonel Bushnell succeeded him for a time and then 
Colonel George W. Pratt became its head. He was 
such when the attack upon Fort Sumter awoke the 
North. He had already tendered the services of his 
command to the State before that I2th of April, i86i. 
The offer was accepted and the regiment ordered for 
service. On Sunday, April 28th the regiment paraded 
upon Academy Green in Kingston as it left that night 
for New York and the seat of war. This article can 
not recount its services. It can only say that from 
the bloody and disastrous field of the Second Battle of 
Bull Run the grievously wounded body of Colonel Pratt 
was borne. He had been stricken early in the bat- 
tle and carried from the field. Thence he was taken 
to Washington, thence removed to Albany. Here he 
died on the nth of September following. With him 
died the Ulster Historical Society. 
109 



Olde Ulster 





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77<!<? Bogardus Inn 



1 10 



The Bogardus Inn 



THE BOGARDUS INN 



We present as our illustration for the month the 
public house of Evert Bogardus, which stood on the 
northwest corner of Fair street and Maiden Lane in 
Kingston, the site of the present residence of Myron 
Teller. It was in this house that the first Assembly of 
the State of New York met in 1777. The Legislature 
seems to have convened at the court house on Septem- 
ber Qfh and organized. They then adjourned to the 
next day and assembled in joint session and were 
addressed by Governor George Clinton. The records 
say this address was delivered in "the Court Room.' 
As this room was needed for a session of the newly 
organized Supreme Court the Senate adjourned to 
what has since been known as "The Senate House' 
and the Assembly to the Bogardus Inn. Here most of 
the subsequent sessions were held. It was in the latter 
house that Washington was tendered a public recep- 
tion on the evening of his visit to Kingston, November 
i6th, 1782. We publish a letter on another page of 
this issue saying that Kingston made a " show " of the 
general on the occasion. 

The old house, shown in the illustration, was a pub- 
lic liouse for many years. Evert Bogardus had kept it 
as such long before the Revolution and it was widely 
kn(5wn. It was burned with the rest of the town by 
the British October i6th, 1777, but rebuilt at once. 
Bogardus continued to dispense the hospitality of a 
popular landlord here for almost a generation after the 
close of that war. 

When the country became divided into two parties 

III 



Olde Ulster 



during the administrations of Washington as President 
the Bogardus Inn became the headquarters of the 
Federalists. Their opponents, the Democrats, had 
their headquarters at the Elmendorf Inn, diagonally 
opposite. This old house is still standing, the residence 
of Mrs. Charles W. Deyo. For many years the 
Bogardus Inn was the place of meeting of the trustees 
of Kingston Commons and for many more years the 
annual commencement dinners of Kingston Academy 
were given at this house. In its day, which was a very 
long one, no house along the Hudson river had a 
greater reputation or was more popular. 

AN INTERESTING LETTER 



We are highly privileged in being able to lay before 
our readers the following letter. It was written by Miss 
Eliza Elmendorf to her sister Blandina, the wife of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Jacobus S. Bruyn. It incidental!)^ 
speaks of the visit of General George Washington to 
Kingston in November 1782 and mentions that Wash- 
ington was made a " show." The writer expresses the 
hope that Kingston did not go out of its senses over 
Mrs. Washington. Olde Ulster published tlie story' 
of the visits of both in the issue of Jannary, 1907 
(Vol. III., pages 6-17): 

"Albany June 25, 1783. 
" My good sister has been very kind in favoring me with 
two epistles and with a grateful heart I acknowledge the 



112 



Aft hiteresting Letter 



many affectionate attentions particularly happy to be informed 
of your welfare and that the sweet little Boy is thriving fast. 
You cannot imagine how much I wish to see him. Sister 
and I insist on your coming with Bruyn. ... It was 
quite a shock to me when hearing that Mama had left you 
and was gone to New York. . . . Peter has wrote her 
a letter from here for a few necessaries. . . . Mrs. Burr 
has presented her husband with a fine daughter ; she is very 
weak. The Patroon, Stephen V. R., has been very ill, an 
express was sent from Saratoga for the Doctor. Stringer and 
his lady have fever and ague. Matrimony does not agree 
with them. I think they both intended going to Philadel- 
phia with the Gen' and his wife to see Mrs. Carter before she 
leaves for France. 

" Miss Eliz. Schuyler is married, also Miss Polly Living- 
ston is to be in a few days. This Northern world seems to 
be in the mood of it. Mrs. Bruce has gone to Schenectady; 
it is thought to settle the preliminaries between Miss Glen 
and the Second Patroon. 

You have been in high glee at 'Sopuswith Mrs. Wash- 
ington. I hope she was not such a show as the Gen' was. 
Col. Varick has been a foot taller than usual. 

" I am very sorry to hear that my friend Gitty is not yet 
hearty, and that ]\Irs. Veeder is so ill, the extreme hot 
weather may operate against her much. I hope the letter 
got safe that I enclosed the black lace in, and also the 
wafers wrapt in the linen. . . . AVe have had a concert 
in town, and my Ladyship (was) attended by Major Pop- 
ham and a few more Ladies and Gentlemen. It was exceed- 
ingly agreeable. ... I wish I had been apprised of 
my mother's going to New York ; I should have requested 
her to have purchased a blue sattin quilt. 

"With the family's best love to you and Brother, I am 
with sincere regard, your affectionate sister 



* ' Eliza. ' 
113 



Olde Ulster 



THE INDIANS IN 1676 

" This 22 January, 1676, Kingston. 

•'Present. — Capt. Thoomas Chambers, Sheriff Hall, 
Constable Jan Hendric, Eduward Wittaker, Wessel Ten 
Broecq, Dirck Jansen. 

"Proposition to the Esopus Savages. 

" I. — That conforming to an order of the Heer governor 
we have sent for the sachems, for the purpose of renewing 
the peace made with Heer governor Nichols, and now ratified 
by the Heer governor Edmond Andros that we thought 
they were ready to come of their own accord as per the 
agreement. 

" Reply through the sworn interpreter George Davits 
that they could not come earlier, but they feel sorry that 
they did not come before. 

" Sewakunamie ^ 
Senerakan I Sachems of the Esopus. 

Panurewack J 

" 2. — They are asked whether they intend to observe the 
same, because the treaty has been ratified by our Heer 
governor ? 

" Answer that they intend to observe the same, and it is 
in their heart like honey. 

"3. — Why they did not take some of their young men 
along for the purpose of becoming acquainted with it and to 
keep it in memory so that every [treaty] entered into 
between us shall never be broken. 

"Answer when they return home they will make their 
young men acquainted with the same. 

"4. — In case any strange savages should arrive among 
them to inform us about it. 

" Answer that they are quite willing to do so." 

About this time there were alarms that the French 
114 



An Old Dutch Nonsense Rhyme 



w 



of Canada were about seizing the province of Ne 
York. The justices ordered that all persons living out- 
side of the villages of Kingston, Hurley or Marbletown 
thresh their grain and come inside of their respective 
villages as soon as possible; to admit no savages on 
the Ronduyt ; to closely observe the savages resorting 
there — if these are more than usual, whether navigating 
the kill or thereabouts, to inform the justices, and in 
case of danger to fire three shots and immediately to 
inform the justices of any news from along the river, 

AN OLD DUTCH NONSENSE RHYME 

Prins Robbert was a gentelman, 

Een gentelman was hij ; 

Hij had een broek van krenten an, 

En een rokjen van rijstenbrij ; 

Zijn beentjens waren hoendertjes, 

Zijn billetjes waren bout, 

Zitn handjes waren kepoendertjes, 

En zijn neusje was van zoethout; 

Prins Robbert was een gentelman, 

Een gentelman van zoethout. 

Prince Robert was a gentleman, 
A gentleman was he ; 
He had a trousers of currants on. 
And a coat of rice porridge. 
His bones were chickens. 
His buttocks were iron pins, 
His hands were little capons. 
And his nose was of licorice. 
Prince Robert was a gentleman, 
A gentleman of licorice. 
115 



Olde Ulster 



A WILL OF MANUMISSION 

There is on record in the office of the surrogate of 
Ulster county, New York, the will of that sterling old 
patriot of the Revolution, Colonel James McClaghry, 
the commander of the Second Ulster County Regiment 
during that long war. The will is remarkable in its 
manumission of his slaves and the provision he makes 
for their start in life and future support. We will give 
some extracts therefrom. He thus begins : 

"IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN: I James 
McClaghry of Little Britain, in the town of New Windsor, in 
the County of Ulster and in the State of New York, being 
weak in Body but of sound Mind and Memory etc. . . . 
First of all it is my Will and pleasure to Set all my Negro 
Servants free (except the two Female Negro Servants herein- 
after named and devised to my beloved wife Agnes McClaghry) 
and I do hereby set them as free from all Persons claiming 
or to claim by from or under me as Heirs or otherwise, and 
from all other Person and Persons whomsoever in manner 
and form following as if they had been born free. 

" First, I give and bequeath unto my Negro Servant man 
Caesar his freedom and five shillings in money ; also to my 
Negro Servant Man named William his freedom and Two 
hundred pounds in banker's notes, a narrow axe, a broad 
hoe and a scythe ; to my Negro Servant man William and 
my Negro Servant Man Thomas freedom and one hundred 
and ninety pounds and some tools, to my Negro Servant man 
London freedom and one hundred and eighty pounds and 
tools ; and to London and another Negro Servant Man 
named Jack, his brother, a yoke of oxen with the yoke and 
chain, and to Jack one hundred and eighty pounds ; to my 
Negro boy Priam his freedom when he arrives at 21 years 
and sixty pounds and tools ; to my old Negro Servant 
Woman Nan her freedom and all the cows or cattle known 
116 



The VanAaken and Allied Families 

in the family to belong to her, together with her bed and 
bedding and wearing apparel and order her to live with her 
daughter Rebecca. I give to said Rebecca her freedom and 
at my death one cow, her bedding and wearing apparel ; to 
my Negro Servant girl Ann her freedom when she becomes 
21, she to serve my wife until that time. 

" My Negro Servant women Dinah and Rachel are willed 
to my wife with all the other property not herein devised." 

The will was executed July 17, 1790. 
THE VAN AAKEN AND ALLIED FAMILIES 



Continued from Vol. VI., page p5 



(DXXX.) Petkr Myer Van Aken^ (Ephraims, 
Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^) was born in 
Esopus January 13, 1803, and died December 7, 1890. 
He married (1st) April 14, 1825 ANN COLE, who was 
born December 6, 1800 and died April 8, 1839. ^^ 
married (2nd) Phoebe SutharD, who was born April 
7, 1801 and died October 27, 1870. He married (3rd) 



Note. — There were a number of omissions in the install- 
ment of the Van Aken line which we pubhshed last month 
on page 91. To the children of John L. Van Aken and 
Anna Legg should be added Jennie L., born July 27, 1881 
and died November 21, 1885. The children of Charlotte 
Osterhoudt and Charles D. W. Johnson are 

(729) Susie Gertrude Johnson : Born in Kingston July 6, 

1876 ; married March 16, 1901 Charles D. Beck- 
with and had issue Charles Clarence Beckwith, born 
June 20, 1902. 

(730) Mary Anna Johnson : Born Feb. i, 1879. 
(730 a.) Lena Dunham Johnson: Bom June 4, 1884. 

117 



Olde Ulster 



Mrs, Lucy M. Norris who was born December 2, 
1823. Fie was for several years captain in the old 
state mih'tia, which position he filled with pride. He 
was supervisor of the town of Esopus in 1852 and held 
other positions of trust. 

Children of Peter Myer Van Aken and Ann 
Cole: 
(765) Eliza Maria^ : Born in Esopus ; nnarried 

John L. Hutchings. 
{^(>6) Henry7 : Born in Esopus ; married Mary 

Schuler. 

(767) Martin': Born in Esopus ; married Mar- 

tha Lockwood. 

(768) Melinda' : Born in Esopus . 

(769) Ezra' : Born in Esopus ; married Ger- 

trude Elting. 
{T'JO) Catherine Ann': Born in Esopus ; mar- 
ried Edward S. Abell. 

(771) Sarah Jane': Born in Esopus ; married 

Andrew Townsend. 

(DXXXI.) Marinus Van Akens (Ephraims, 
Abraham G.^, Gideon3, Peter2, Maririusi) was born in 
Esopus Februaiy 10, 1806 and died January 28, 1874. 
He married (ist) Jane Terpenning, who was born 
July 31, 1808 and died July 10, 1838. He married 
(2nd) FIannah Eckert, who was born September 18, 
1816, and died July 13, 1877. 

Children of Marinus Van Aken aud Jane Ter- 
penning: 

(772) Elisa Leah': Born in Esopus . 

118 



The VanAaken and Allied Families 

{TJl) Eliphas' : Born in Esopus ; married Helen 

Ellsworth. 

(774) Abraham': Born in Esopus ; married 

Rachel Cole. 

(775) Margaret Ann': Born in Esopus ; mar- 

ried Nelson Terpenning. 
{T](y) Jeremiah': Born in Esopus ; enlisted in 

the 20th regiment, August 19, 1862 and was 

killed August 30, 1862 at the second battle of 

Bull Run. 
{jTJ^ Mary Jane': Born in Esopus ; married 

Aaron Le Fevre. 
Children of Marinus Van Aken and Hannah 

ECKERT: 

{^^'^) Cordelia Sophia': Born in Esopus . 

(779) Adelbert': Born in Esopus . 

(DXXXn.) EPHRAiMVANAKEN6(Ephraim5, Abra- 
ham G.4, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinus^) was born in Eso- 
pus January 7, 1810 and died December 27, 1885. He 
married at Esopus November 20, 1830 Eliza CATHE- 
RINE CuLE who was born February ii, 1812 and died 
October II, 1893. Children: 

(780) Liverius' : Born in Esopus ; married 

Phoebe Ann Townsend. 

(78 1 James E.' : Born in Esopus ; married Sarah 

A. Freer. 

(782) Elisabeth Sarah': Born in Esopus ; mar- 
ried OlivLr Terpenning. 

(DXXXni.) Levi Van Aken6 (Ephraim^. Abra- 
ham G.'*, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^ was born in Esopus 
119 



Olde Ulster 



August 6, 1812 and died November 29, 1892. He 
married Margaret Terpenning. Children : 

(783) Ephraim \.P : Born in Esopus ; married 

Sally Ann Ackerman, 

(784) Theron^ : Born in Esopus ; married Char- 

lotte Ackerman. 

(785) Mary Eliza^ : Born in Esopus ; died June 

22, 1896. 

(DXXXIV.) N rcHOLAS Low Van Akeng (Abra- 
ham A.5, Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter2. Marinubi) was 
baptized in Esopus November 9, 1807 and married 
February 10. 1838 at Esopus Mrs. GiTTY Ann Freer 
Cornell. Children : 

(786) Cornelia': Born in Esopus June 9, 1839. 

(787) Mary Elizabeth': Born in Esopus Apr. i, 1843. 

(788) Jane Augusta': Born in Esopus Aug. 2, 1846. 

(DXXXV.) William Van Aken^ (Abraham 
A.5, Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinusi) was bap- 
tized in Esopus March 30 1810. He wrote William 
A. He married Margaret Van Aken^ (Benjamin 
B5, Benjamin^, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinus^) (554) who 
was born in Esopus September 3, 1815. Child: 

(789) Christopher Columbus': Born in Esopus June 

20, 1837. 
Margaret, wife of William Van Aken, was received 
on confession as a member of Klyn Esopus church 
February 3, 1833. 

(DXXXVI.) Stephen Van Aken6 (Abraham A.s, 
Abraham G.^ Gideon^, Peter^, Marinusi) was baptized 
in Esopus July 21, 181 1 and married RACHEL Van 
120 



Tht VanAaken and Allied Families 

Aken^ (JonasS, Peter-*, Jan^, Peter^, Marinus^) (452) who 
was baptized in Esopus November Ii,i8i6. Child: 

(790) Sarah Maria^ : Born in Esopus Feb. 13, 1834. 

(DXXXVII.) Matthew A. Van Akens (Abra- 
ham A.5, Abraham G.^ Gideon^, Peter2, Marinus^) was 
baptized in Esopus September 13, 1812 and married in 
Esopus March 12 1837 Margaret Van Vliet. 
Children : 

(791) Jane Eliza^ : Born in Esopus Jan. 10, 1838 ; mar- 

ried John Van Wagenen. 

(792) Mary^: Born ; died.« 

(793) RacheF : Born ; married Ira Lambert. 

(794) Abraham': Born . 

(795) Nicholas': Born ; died. 

(796) Anne' : Born ; married Hyram Freer. 

(797) Mary': Born ; married Isaac Freligh. 

(798) DeWitt : Born ; married. 

(799) Cornelia' : Born ; married Walter Worden. 

(DXLVI.) Anna Maria Van Aken^ (JacobusS, 
Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter^, Marinus^ was born in 
Esopus June 23. 1813 and married Lawrence C. Van 
Aken^ (Peter B.s, Benjamin^ Jan^, Peter2, Marinus^) 
(508) who was baptized in Esopus April 22, 1818. 
Children : 

(800) Abraham Benson' : Born ; married Eliza 

Van Keuren. 

(801) Sarah Martha': Born ; married (ist) 

Henry Budington ; (2nd) Alexander Hill. 

(802) Charles H.': Born ; married Lavinia 

Whittaker. 

121 



Olde Ulster 



(DXLVII.) Isaac Decker Van Akens (jaco- 
bus5, Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinusi) was 
born in Esopus May 3. 1816 and died July 29, 1888. 
He married Anna Van Aken^ (Matthew^, Abraham^ 
Jan3, Peter2, Marinusi) (478). She was baptized in 
Esopus May 19, 1807 and died November 8, 1866. 
She was the widow of Calvin P. Marshall, Children: 

(803) Eliza Helen^ : Born ; married Selah Ter- 

penning. 

(804) Jesse^: Born ; married Margaret Ann 

Van Wagenen. 

(805) Alfred': Born ; married Almira Bedford. 

(DXLIX.) Solomon E. VanAken^ (Jacobuss, 
Abraham G.'*, Gideon3, Peter2, Marinusi) was born in 
Esopus December 21, 1822 and married Catherine 
Ferguson. Children : 

(806) Amanda': Born ; married Nelson Felton. 

(807) Abraham' : Born ; married. 

(808) Josephine': Born ; married Alexander 

Wolven. 

(DL.) Hannah Margaret Van Aken^ JacobusS, 
Abraham G.^, Gideon^, Peter2, Marinus^) was born in 
Esopus and married Henrv York. Children : 

(809) Emery York' : Born ; married Emma 

Carle. 

(810) Martha York': Born ; married Nathan 

Carle. 

(811) Lewis York': Born ; married Aggie 

Longendyke. 

(812) Ella York': Born ; married William Long- 

endyke. 1 22 



The VanAaken and Allied Families 

(813) Solomon E. York^ : Born ■; married Cora 

Longendyke. 

(DXC.) Alfred Van Aken^ (William^, John E.s, 
Eliphas, Jr.*, Marinus^, Pcter^, Marinus^) was born 
in -Esopus December 12, 1833 and married JULIA Van 
Nostrand' (Elias T.6, Frederick F.s, Casparus^ Jacob^, 
Jacobs Jacob Janseni). She died January 11, 1877. 
Children : 
(814.) Elias T.8 : Born ; died April 21, 1890. 

(815) Sarahs : Born ; married John B. Kelly. 

(DXCVI.) Eliphas Van AKEN7(Barent G.e, John 
E.5, Eliphas, Jr.^, Marinus^, Peter2. Marinusi) was 
born in Esopus April 21, 1826 and Married Maria 
BURHANS, daughter of Solomon Burhans. Children : 

(816) MaryS : Born ; married Joseph Elting, 

son of Josiah C. Elting and Maria Van Keuren, 

(817) Abigail^: Born ; married Henry D, 

Harvey. 

(DXCVn.) The Reverend GULICK Van Aken? 
(Rev. Enoch^, John E.^, Eliphas, Jr*, Marinus^, Peter^ 
Marinusi) was born in New York City, April 22, 1840 
and died October 20, 1872. He married ELIZABETH 
Kearney. He was graduated from the University of 
New York in 1862 ; studied at Princeton and Union 
Theological seminaries and was graduated in 1864; 
was licensed by the Presb3'tery of New York in 1864 ; 
was ordained and installed pastor of the German 
Street Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia in 1864; 
was pastor during 1864-7 ; pastor of 2nd Freehold, N. 
J., Reformed Church 1867-71 ; and was pastor-elect of 

123 



Olde Ulster 



the Presbyterian Church of Kingston, N. Y., but died 
before taking charge. No issue. 

(DCXXXIX.) George Herbert Van Aken' 
(Ebenezer^, Jacobus^, EHphas, Jr.'*, Marinus^, Peter^, 

Marinusi) was born in Esopus and married 

Alice J. Van Keuren, daughter of Hiram Van 

Keuren. Children : 

(8i8) Alphametta^: Born in Esopus ; died. 

(819) Herbert G.^ : Born in Esopus . 

(820) August^ : Born in Esopus . 

(821) Homer^ : Born in Esopus . 

(DCCXL.) Juliette Van Aken? (John Winf^elde. 
Jacobs. Benjamin^, Jan^, Peter2, Marinus^) was born 
— and married Cornelius Ellsworth. Child: 

(822) Kate Vahnica Ellsworths : Born ; married 

Herbert L. Schultz and had issue Ruth J. 
Schultz. 

(DCCXLI.) Mary Lavinia Van Aken' (John 
Winfield^, Jacobs, Benjamin^ Jan^, Peter^, Marinus^) 

was born and married Daniel W. Benton. 

Children : 

(823) Clarence Benton^ : Born in Esopus ; mar- 

ried (ist) Kate Schoonmaker who died without 
issue and (2nd) Emma VanAken and had issue 
Leola May Benton and George Dewey Benton. 

(824) John R BentonS: Born ; m irried Anra 

Ellsworth and had issue Daniel Webster Ben- 
ton and Raymond Russell Benton. 

To be continued 

124 
I 



Ontiora 



ONTIORA 



Moons on moons ago, 

In the sleep, or night, of the moon, 

When evil spirits have power, 

The monster, Ontiora, 

Came down in the dreadful gloom. 

The monster came stalking abroad, 

On his way to the sea for a bath, 

For a bath in the salt, gray sea. 

In Ontiora' s breast 
Was the eyrie of the winds, 
Eagles of measureless wing, 
Whose screeching, furious swoop 
Startled the sleeping dens. 
His hair was darkness unbound. 
Thick, and not mooned nor starred. 
His head was plumed with rays 
Plucked from the sunken sun. 

To him the forests of oak, 

Of maple, hemlock, and pine, 

Were as grass that a bear treads down. 

He trod them down as he came, 

As he came from his white -peak' d tent, 

At whose door, ere he started abroad, 

He drew a flintless arrow 

Across the sky's strip' d bow. 

And shot at the evening star. 

He came like a frowning cloud. 
That fills and blackens the west. 
He was wroth at the bright-plumed sun. 
And his pale-faced wife, the moon, 
125 



Olde Ulster 



With their twinkhng children, the stars 
But he hated the red-men all, 
The Iroquois, fearless and proud, 
The Mohegans, stately and brave, 
And trod them down in despite, 
As a storm treads down the maize. 
He trod the red-men down. 
Or drove them out of the land 
As winter drives the birds. 

When near the King of Rivers, 
The river of many moods, 
To Ontiora thundered 
Manitou out of a cloud. 
Between the fountains crystal 
And the waters that reach to the sky, 
Manitou, Spirit of Good, 
To the man-shaped monster spoke : 
You shall not go to the sea. 
But be into mountains changed. 
And wail in the blast, and weep 
For the red-men you have slain. 
You shall lie on your giant back 
While the river rises and falls. 
And the tide of years on years 
Flows in from a boundless sea." 

Then Ontior?. rephed : 

I yield to the heavy doom ; 

Yet what am I but a type 

Of a people who are to come ? 

Who as with a bow will shoot 

And bring the stars to their feet, 

126 



Ontiora 



And drive the red-man forth 

To the Land of the Setting Sun." 

So Ontiora wild, 

By eternal silence touched, 

Fell backward in a swoon, 

And was changed into lofty hills, 

The Mountains of the Sky. 

This is the pleasant sense 
Of Ontiora's name, 
The Mountains of the Sky." 
His bones are rocks and crags, 
His flesh is rising ground, 
His blood is the sap of trees. 

On his back with one knee raised. 
He lies with his face to the sky, 
A monstrous human shape 
In the Catskills high and grand. 
And from the valley below, 
Where the slow tide ebbs and flows. 
You can mark his knee and breast, 
His forehead beetling and vast, 
His nose and retreating chin. 
But his eyes, they say, are lakes, 
Whose tears flow down in streams 
That seam and wrinkle his cheeks. 
For the fate he endures, and for shame 
Of the evil he did, as he stalked 
In the vanished and hopeless moon, 
Moons on moons ago. 

Henry Abbey 

127 



OLDE VLSTER 



AN HIS TORIC^^ & GENEALOGIC^^ MA GAZINE 

Publifhed Monthly, in the City of 
King/ton, New York, by 
BENJAMIN MYER BRINK 

T e r m s : — Three dollars a year in Advance. Single 
Copies, twenty-five cents 

Entered as second class matter at the post office at Kingston, N. Y. 



Much of the region included in the lands con- 
dennned for the reservoir for the scheme for supplying 
New York City with water from the Catskill moun- 
tains is waste or unproductive land. But the lowlands 
of the Esopus about Shokan and between that place 
and West Shokan are exceedingly fertile. These were 
secured as early as within a year or two of the year 
1700. From that day a great deal of the history of 
Ulster county has been made within or across the site 
of the reservoir. The Indian trail into Delaware 
county passed over it. The site of the military post 
authorized by the Continental Congress in 1780 was 
within the reservoir (Olde Ulster, Vol. II., pages 
238-243). This magazine has told " The Story of the 
Bush Children " (^Vol. II., pages 264-268). The locality 
in which they lived and where they were seized was, 
also, within the reservoir site. The site of the Rev- 
olutionary fort at Great Shandaken (Olde ULSTER, 
Vol. II., pages 167-175) was just up stream from the 
reservoir limits. 

128 



rpORD HUMMEL 

Teacher of the Violin 

A graduate of the Ithaca Conservatory of Music . 

studied with pupils of Dr. Joachhim and Ysaye; 

now studying at the Metropolitan Collei^e of Music. 

New York City, with Herwegh von Ende, a pupil of 

Carl Halir. 

Studio : 

No. 22^ Tremper Avenue, 

KINGSTON, N. Y. 
Lessons, One Dollar 



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